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Hide details for Sec. 91.155Sec. 91.155

Part 91 GENERAL OPERATING AND FLIGHT RULES
Subpart B--Flight Rules
Visual Flight Rules

Sec. 91.155

Basic VFR weather minimums.


(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section and Sec. 91.157, no person may operate an aircraft under VFR when the flight visibility is less, or at a distance from clouds that is less, than that prescribed for the corresponding altitude and class of airspace in the following table:

Airspace
Flight visibility
Distance from
clouds
Class A -----------------------------Not Applicable -------------------Not Applicable.
Class B -----------------------------3 statute miles --------------------Clear of Clouds.
Class C -----------------------------3 statute miles --------------------500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.
Class D -----------------------------3 statute miles ---------------------500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.
Class E:
Less than 10,000 feet MSL.
3 statute miles --------------------500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.
At or above 10,000 feet MSL.5 statute miles --------------------1,000 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
1 statute mile horizontal.
Class G:
1,200 feet or less above the
surface (regardless of MSL
altitude).
Day, except as provided in
Sec. 91.155(b).
1 statute mile ----------------------Clear of clouds.
Night, except as provided in
Sec. 91.155(b).
3 statute miles --------------------500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.
More than 1,200 feet above the
surface but less than 10,000
feet MSL
Day -----------------------------------1 statute mile ----------------------500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.
Night ---------------------------------3 statute miles --------------------500 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
2,000 feet horizontal.
More than 1,200 feet above the
surface and at or above
10,000 feet MSL.
5 statute miles --------------------1,000 feet below.
1,000 feet above.
1 statute mile horizontal.

(b) Class G Airspace. Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph (a) of this section, the following operations may be conducted in Class G airspace below 1,200 feet above the surface:
(1) Helicopter. A helicopter may be operated clear of clouds if operated at a speed that allows the pilot adequate opportunity to see any air traffic or obstruction in time to avoid a collision.
[(2) Airplane, powered parachute, or weight-shift-control aircraft.. If the visibility is less than 3 statute miles but not less than 1 statute mile during night hours and you are operating in an airport traffic pattern within one-half mile of the runway, you may operate an airplane, powered parachute, or weight-shift-control aircraft clear of clouds.]
(c) Except as provided in Sec. 91.157, no person may operate an aircraft beneath the ceiling under VFR within the lateral boundaries of controlled airspace designated to the surface for an airport when the ceiling is less than 1,000 feet.
(d) Except as provided in Sec. 91.157 of this part, no person may take off or land an aircraft, or enter the traffic pattern of an airport, under VFR, within the lateral boundaries of the surface areas of Class B, Class C, Class D, or Class E airspace designated for an airport--
(1) Unless ground visibility at that airport is at least 3 statute miles; or
(2) If ground visibility is not reported at that airport, unless flight visibility during landing or takeoff, or while operating in the traffic pattern is at least 3 statute miles.
(e) For the purpose of this section, an aircraft operating at the base altitude of a Class E airspace area is considered to be within the airspace directly below that area.


Amdt. 91-282, Eff. 9/1/2004


Hide details for Document HistoryDocument History
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Actions:

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking. Notice No. 02-03; Published in the Federal Register on February 5, 2002.
Notice of Proposed Rulemaking. Notice No. 02-07; Published in the Federal Register on March 19, 2002.


Final Rule Actions:

Final Rule. Docket No. FAA-2001-11133; Published in the Federal Register on July 27, 2004.